When talking about an enema, there are a few different types of them suitable for a different type of conditions. Today we are going to discuss some of the most common types of enema used and suggested by medical practitioners all over the world to treat constipation.
- Saline laxative- This is one of the most popular types of enema and can be found at most pharmacies. This helps in relieving constipation by drawing water from the body into the rectum and the lower colon area to instigate a bowel movement. it can also be used before a rectal examination. This type of enema usually comes in a small disposable squeeze bottle. Although this type of enemas is generally safe but water and electrolyte disturbances are common in people below the age of 18 and above 65 years.
- Mineral oil enema- mineral oil enema work by coating the fecal matter with the oil. This prevents the excess absorption of moisture from the stool as well as allows a smooth bowel movement. Mineral oil enemas are beneficial for people recovering from an injury or surgery. Also, women recovering from childbirth cab benefit from it greatly. The oil attaches to the fecal matter and retains the water content in stool so it more easily passes through the rectum and out of the body.
- Carbon dioxide releasing enema- This type of laxatives such as sodium bicarbonate and potassium bitartrate is the different form of suppositories which encourage the bowel movement by forming carbon dioxide in the intestinal tract. The formation of gas creates a pressure against the intestinal wall thus leading to contractions which eventually leads to the evacuation of stools.
- Hyperosmotic enema- Hyperosmotic enema such as glycerin and sodium phosphates help in drawing water into the bowel from other parts of the body. This adds moisture to the otherwise hardened stool making it soft and easy to pass.