An enema is a liquid inserted into the colon via the rectum. It helps with flushing out the fecal build-up in the bowel. This process is known as disimpaction.
Disimpaction helps restore the normal muscles tone of the rectum and helps the child to regain the natural urge to go to the toilet.
An enema might be an uncomfortable experience for your child but it certainly helps to relieve constipation. But an enema can only be performed at home when prescribed by your doctor. Usually, it is prescribed when nothing else works and is not recommended to be used regularly.
How is an enema performed?
1. The child is made to lie down on preferably the left side.
2. After lubricating the anal area and the tube with some petroleum jelly, insert the small tube inside the anus of your child.
3. Allow the enema solution to enter your child’s colon through the tube.
4. After 10 minutes, allow your child to sit on the toilet and flush out all the accumulated fecal matter along with the enema solution
You may need to perform this procedure again 6-12 hours later. The frequency of the enema depends on the type of enema used. For the exact instructions, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Different type of enemas for children
For children, doctors recommend two types of enemas:
• Phosphate solution enemas
• Saline solution or salt water enema
Only your doctor can suggest the best enema solution for your child.
Precautions while performing an enema
Always follow the instructions of your pharmacist or doctor while performing the enema. It may sometimes result in dehydration or some other conditions if not performed properly.
Performing enemas too often may lead to an irritation or inflammation in the anal area. Due to this, your child may further hold the bowel movement to worsen constipation even more.
If your child is two years old or younger, do not get them an enema. more about enema kits https://goo.gl/ytf8Le